Patients with SMI will most likely have a diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
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Due to a combination of lifestyle factors and the side-effects of antipsychotic medication, there is a high incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) causing premature death in people with SMI (15 years for bipolar disorder and 25 years for schizophrenia). It is therefore necessary that these patients have an annual physical health check in order to identify risk factors for CVD. A comprehensive physical health check carried out by a competent practitioner will also provide the opportunity to offer education regarding lifestyle and ask about other physical conditions.
1. Identify a practice nurse to be responsible for carrying out the health checks
2. Ensure the practice nurse receives appropriate training to feel confident
in carrying out the health checks. Find out what is available in your area.
Training also available for mental health clinicians.
Reading the links on this website will be informative –
4. Work out how you are going to set up your clinics, for example: how do you run your diabetes clinics? How much time will the practice nurse realistically need? (We recommend 45 minutes for each health check).
5. Identify your Community Mental Health Link Worker (approximately a third of your patients on the SMI register will be in contact with secondary care)
1. If they are under the care for the Community Mental Health Team (CMHT), inform the link worker of the invitation
3. You may want to include a patient pre-assessment form – link to pre-assessment form
4. Consider telephoning patients the day before to remind them
1. Explain to the patient why they have been invited and the purpose of each procedure
2. Use the Health Improvement Profile for Primary Care (HIP-PC) manual to guide you – link to HIP-PC.
3. There are a number of tools which you may use when carrying out the health check – link to Care plan PC, WRAP, SESCAM, ARIZONA sexual experience scale, Safe sex questions, GASS, GASS (CL), CVD Risk Food diary, Biopsychosocial
5. If the patient needs any follow up appointments, arrange these and explain why. Request permission to share results of the ecg and/or blood tests with the CMHT where appropriate.
1. Inform the patient of the results from blood tests
2. If appropriate, inform the patient’s Community Mental Health worker of results – link to liaison form
3. Check the patient has attended for follow up appointments
1. Send second invite letter – link to follow up letter
2. Telephone the patient, carer or CMHT as appropriate
Useful website: Physical Health in Adults